One of the most important aspects when studying Spanish is to learn some elements of cohesion that allow you to structure your speech. We are referring to connectors in Spanish. These allow you to speak in a clear and structured way so that you acquire the ability to organise your ideas.

Whether you are preparing for the DELE exam or studying Spanish just to communicate, the correct use of connectors is necessary.

These words make our speech meaningful and connected and thus contribute positively to fluency.

There are several types of connectors in Spanish depending on what we want to say or express. We have connectors to introduce, to add ideas, to exemplify, etc. In this post, I show you some of the most used ones organised in different categories.

Spanish connectors to order discourse

These connectors in Spanish allow you to organise your ideas in an orderly way as you present them. They allow the receiver of the message to be clear about the structure of the written text or your oral speech and guide the receiver during the delivery of your message.

These connectors for ordering a speech can be:

  • En primer lugar
  • Para empezar
  • En segundo lugar
  • Por un lado/por otro lado
  • Por último
  • Finalmente

Connectors in Spanish to add ideas

We use these connectors in spanish to add ideas to our speech. When you want to comment on the main idea of a topic, but also on other ideas that seem important to you, you can use connectors to do so. These connectors allow you to follow the ideas you want to convey in an orderly way so that the receiver does not get lost.

Some of these connectors to give ideas in Spanish may be:

  • Además
  • Al mismo tiempo
  • También
  • Así pues

Spanish connectors to explain

Spanish connectors to explain are used to clarify a previous idea and try to make the receiver understand it. For example, when you have commented on an idea introduced with the connectors above, you will have to explain it so that the receiver of the idea understands it. You can explain these ideas introduced by connectors to explain.

Some connectors to clarify ideas are:

  • Es decir
  • En otras palabras
  • O sea

Spanish connectors to give examples

If we want to give value to our argument and reinforce it, a good idea is to add an example. This example can be something we are thinking about at the moment or even a personal experience. When introducing ideas and explaining them with the above connectors, we can exemplify them to add meaning. We do this with specific connectors for this purpose.

We can introduce examples with Spanish connectors such as:

  • Por ejemplo
  • En concreto
  • En particular
  • Pongamos por caso

Spanish connectors to give your opinion

Expressing our point of view is also something we usually do, both in real life and in the official DELE exam, as it is usually required in the latter. Personal opinion adds a subjective point of view to the subject we are talking about.

When we want to show our point of view, we use connectors in Spanish such as:

  • Para mí
  • Bajo mi punto de vista
  • A mi parecer
  • A mi juicio

Spanish connectors to indicate contrast

When we comment on ideas, we tend to value various positions. We tend to talk about opposing positions or ideas on a particular topic and we have several connectors to make it as clear as possible.

If we want to contrast ideas that are contrary to each other, we can use these connectors:

  • Por el contrario
  • Sin embargo
  • En cambio
  • A pesar de

Spanish connectors to summarise

Sometimes the topic we are talking about is long and full of ideas. For this, we need to summarise the information in a few short lines, gathering the important information.

In Spanish we can use connectors to synthesise ideas such as:

  • En resumen
  • Para resumir
  • En definitiva
  • Globalmente

Spanish connectors to conclude

Sometimes, especially when you take the official DELE exam, you are required to write a conclusion. You may be asked to do this in both the written and oral tests. To do this clearly and coherently, you can use connectors whose specific function is to conclude.

To make a conclusion we use connectors in English such as the following:

  • En conclusión
  • Para terminar
  • Por último
  • Para concluir

These examples that we have just classified in this post can help you a lot to increase your fluency and the understanding of your listeners.

In addition, in the DELE it is one of the points that you will be assessed on and it is very important that you make use of them. Learn them well if you are going to take the DELE and use them to do the written tasks for the DELE.